Here are few pointers for how
to get good results from each of the types of search possible.
by Name (designer or engraver)
This is one of the most straightforward
searches. The search will only find surnames that match the search term
entered into the form. Do not try to search on whole names or firstnames
as this will most likely return no results or the wrong results. For
longer more complex names, it is best to try entering only the very
last individual word. So, for Antony Van Dyck enter only Dyck
or for Louis I de Boullogne
enter just Boullogne. However,
there are exceptions to this rule e.g. Androuet du Cerceau, so you may
have to try entering a name in a variety of ways to find what you want.
Be aware that prints by all designers or engravers of the same name
will be retrieved e.g. prints by John Faber the Elder and John Faber
the Younger, or Antoine, Jean and Pierre Le Pautre.
Any given print may not have
a designer or engraver associated with it or it may have just one or
it may have several of each. The database matches your search term to
the first characters of the names in the database so an exact match
is not always needed. You may find this useful if you do not know the
precise spelling of a name. Entering jo
will find prints by Jones, Jouvenet
of the Print
This keyword search matches
the keywords entered against a section of descriptive text that has
been written for each print. The text has been entered using a consistent
terminology but there may be a number of synonyms present for some terms.
For further guidance about the type of search terms present in the database
take a look at our more detailed Keyword Searching
page. This contains more detail about how to carry out searches in the
following areas: allegory, architecture
and ornament, gardens, history,
customs and details, literary subjects,
military subjects, portraits,
and other themes.
Words entered can be combined
using AND or OR. Choosing AND will retrieve only those records containing
all of the search terms entered, whereas choosing OR will normally retrieve
a much larger set of records each containing one or more of the keywords.
You may also find it useful to take advantage of the fact that the search
software matches your search term to the start of the words in the database,
so the keyword need not always match the word in the database exactly
to retrieve it. To give an example, a keyword search on church will
retrieve about 800 records including both the word church and also churches.
But a search on churches will not retrieve those containing the word
church so only about 50 records will be retrieved.
Below the keyword search is
a separate form to search the text present on the print. This is useful
for finding names which are not otherwise indexed - notably those of
dedicatees and collectors. Bear in mind that much of the text is in
French or Latin with archaic spellings.
This search is intended
to retrieve prints published in a particular year or within a specified
year range. Where prints in the collection are later reissues, the date
of reissue has normally been given rather than the date of original publication.
The year of publication is not known for each print in the database and
a search can only retrieve those records that have a known or estimated
year of publication. Further guidance concerning the year of publication
is given in the Evidence of Publication field on the full record
of each print. The key for this field is as follows: 0 = accurate dating,
1 = a well-founded estimate, 3 = a less well-founded guess.
This option allows you to retrieve
prints published by a particular individual and also to look for prints
published at a particular location. Before commencing a search make
sure that you have chosen the correct option for the type of search
you wish to carry out.
To search for publishers, enter
only a surname into the search box. Note that 'Smith' will list prints
published by Joseph as well as John Smith and 'Rossi' will list prints
published by all members of the de Rossi family. To search by place
of publication, remember that the database is catalogued by city rather
than country so you will need to carry out separate searches for Rome,
Venice, Bologna etc.
The bulk of the collection was
published in Rome, Paris and London. The search software will retrieve
records that contain your search term anywhere in the place of publication
description so a search on London
will also retrieve the records classified as Oxford
and/or London.As with the other searches,
the place of publication is not known for every record in the database.
search of date and place
Please follow guidelines above
for Searching by Date and Publication Details.
Use the drop-down list to choose
a particular technique. This will retrieve all of the prints created
using that technique. Most of the techniques each represent less than
100 prints in the database, with the majority covered by three techniques.
Engraving and Engraving with Etching both cover around
1500 prints, with Etching covering over 4000. Choosing either
of these three options will generate a large results list which may
take some time to download.
directly to a record
This is useful for those who
are familiar with the collection or who have used the web site before.
If you know exactly which print
you want to see the details of and can remember its ID number then you
can enter the number to go straight to that record. You may find it
useful to keep a note of the ID numbers of prints of particular interest
to you as you search through the database in case you are unable to
recreate the search you found it through at a later date.
Using the location number
you can also search for prints in a particular album or volume, or scroll
through the contents of the same. If you have found a print of particular
interest in an earlier search, you can enter the first part of the location
number, for example VII: to retrieve a list of all the prints in the
same album. It is important to enter the colon after the initial number
to limit your search properly. Entering V will retrieve any location
that starts with V, so also those in albums VI and VII. If you are entering
the full location number, it must be entered with a space after the
colon: e.g. VII: 001, IX: 015, XI: 111. As well as album numbers, there
are folder numbers (for folders of loose prints) in the following form:
folder 1: 001, folder 5: 015, folder 7: 111. A small number of prints
are described as 'framed' or 'roll'.
The web site also contains
a descriptive listing of the contents of
each album which you may find useful.